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EP/K024914/1 - CD-GAIN: Content Delivery Using Graph-based Analysis of Interest Networks

Research Perspectives grant details from EPSRC portfolio

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Dr N Sastry EP/K024914/1 - CD-GAIN: Content Delivery Using Graph-based Analysis of Interest Networks

Principal Investigator - Institute of Telecommunications, King's College London

Scheme

First Grant Scheme

Research Areas

ICT Networks & Distributed Systems ICT Networks & Distributed Systems

Information Systems Information Systems

Start Date

08/2013

End Date

10/2014

Value

£100,272

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Grant Description

Summary and Description of the grant

Recent years have seen a sea change in the Internet traffic mix, with the Web moving from primarily text-based content towards rich-media such as video and audio streaming. This has imposed significant additional costs both on content providers as well as on Internet Service Providers (ISPs).

This project proposes a novel approach that saves costs by identifying and actively enhancing ISP-local content availability. The core idea is that requests for content items can be served from ISP-local copies, where one is available. ISP-local access creates a synergy, with content providers saving on streaming costs, ISPs decreasing their cross-border transit traffic, and users obtaining local copies, isolating them from effects beyond the ISP such as packet losses, route failures or congestion in the network core.

Interest-based social networks, which are increasingly available on many content provider sites, provide an ideal framework to engineer the availability of ISP-local copies. Using the interest-based network, communities of users who are interested in similar items can be identified within each ISP. Such communities can serve as repositories of ISP-local copies of items they are interested in, and can support different access rates by pushing additional copies of items among themselves as required. Because members of the community have a high affinity for items they are responsible for, they might have a local copy available, having accessed the item in the past. Alternately, they might be likely to access the item in the future, so if a copy is pushed to them, the expected overhead of the push could be balanced against the future access. Methods will be developed to identify high quality communities useful for sharing content, by weighting or ranking links based on shared content consumption, predicting additional ISP-local links that have not yet been self-identified by users, and adapting community detection methods to create multi-resolution communities with "core" and "peripheral" members, to support fewer or additional ISP-local copies, as required, to sustain different rates of simultaneous content access from the ISP's userbase.

The project will take a data-driven approach, using extensive real-world traces from leading content providers both to derive new patterns in the interest network that can be exploited for content delivery, and also to evaluate the benefits of proposed content delivery architectures under realistic workloads. In analysing the traces, the project will develop new characterisations of interest-based social networks using content consumption histories and chart ISP-level content availability from a content provider's viewpoint, both of which would be of independent academic and commercial value.

Structured Data / Microdata


Grant Event Details:
Name: CD-GAIN: Content Delivery Using Graph-based Analysis of Interest Networks - EP/K024914/1
Start Date: 2013-08-15T00:00:00+00:00
End Date: 2014-10-14T00:00:00+00:00

Organization: King's College London

Description: Recent years have seen a sea change in the Internet traffic mix, with the Web moving from primarily text-based content towards rich-media such as video and audio streaming. This has imposed significant additional costs both on content providers as well as ...