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EP/J021490/1 - Extremisers and near-extremisers for central inequalities in harmonic analysis, geometric analysis and PDE

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Dr N Bez EP/J021490/1 - Extremisers and near-extremisers for central inequalities in harmonic analysis, geometric analysis and PDE

Principal Investigator - School of Mathematics, University of Birmingham

Scheme

First Grant Scheme

Research Areas

Mathematical Analysis Mathematical Analysis

Start Date

02/2013

End Date

02/2015

Value

£95,971

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Grant Description

Summary and Description of the grant

Isoperimetric inequalities are examples of sharp inequalities with intrinsic geometric content. The classical sharp inequality in two dimensions compares the area of an enclosed region in the plane with the length of its perimeter. Thanks to the sharpness, it is possible to deduce immediately that amongst all regions with a fixed perimeter length, the circle produces the maximum area. More generally, isoperimetric inequalities of this flavour can be used to identify maximising or minimising objects within a class, and they have applications in physical problems (for example, liquid droplet formation). Furthermore, these physical applications often demand that a "stable" version of the underlying sharp inequality is proved (to allow for the effect of external perturbative forces, for instance).

The main thrust of this broad project is to understand the sharpness and stability of some central inequalities which occur in harmonic analysis, geometric analysis and differential equations. These include the powerful Brascamp-Lieb inequality, which can be viewed as a generalised isoperimetric-type inequality and has fascinating and wide-ranging applications in the above fields and beyond. The project also encompasses sharp space-time inequalities for solutions of important differential equations, including the Schrodinger and wave equations.

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Grant Event Details:
Name: Extremisers and near-extremisers for central inequalities in harmonic analysis, geometric analysis and PDE - EP/J021490/1
Start Date: 2013-02-15T00:00:00+00:00
End Date: 2015-02-14T00:00:00+00:00

Organization: University of Birmingham

Description: Isoperimetric inequalities are examples of sharp inequalities with intrinsic geometric content. The classical sharp inequality in two dimensions compares the area of an enclosed region in the plane with the length of its perimeter. Thanks to the sharpness, ...