# EP/J008508/1 - From hyperbolic geometry to nonlinear Perron-Frobenius theory

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Principal Investigator - Sch of Maths Statistics & Actuarial Scie, University of Kent

Scheme

First Grant Scheme

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Start Date

09/2012

End Date

10/2013

Value

£98,832

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Summary and Description of the grant

The classical Perron-Frobenius theory concerns the spectral properties of nonnegative matrices, and is considered one of the most beautiful topics in matrix analysis with important applications in probability theory, dynamical systems theory, and discrete mathematics. Nonlinear Perron-Frobenius theory extends this classical theory to nonlinear positive operators, and deals with questions like: When does a nonlinear positive operator have an eigenvector in the cone corresponding to the spectral radius? When does the eigenvector lie in the interior of the cone? How do the iterates of such operators behave? These questions arise naturally in a wide range of mathematical disciplines such as game theory, analysis on fractals, and tropical mathematics. Birkhoff showed that one can use Hilbert geometries to analyse these questions. Birkhoff's discovery of the synergy between nonlinear Perron-Frobenius theory and metric geometry has only recently started to fully crystallise, and is the main theme of the project. We will focus on several central open problems concerning Hilbert geometries. Hilbert geometries are a natural non-Riemannian generalisation of hyperbolic geometry. Recent developments in metric geometry have triggered a renewed interest in Hilbert geometries, and opened up exciting opportunities to solve some of these problems.

Our first goal is to prove Denjoy-Wolff type theorems for Hilbert geometries, which provide detailed information about the dynamics of nonlinear positive operators without eigenvectors in the interior of the cone. The Denjoy-Wolff theorem is a classical result in complex analysis about the dynamics of fixed point free analytic self-maps of the unit disc. Beardon discovered a striking generalisation of this result to fixed point free non-expansive maps on metric spaces that possess mild hyperbolic properties. His work left open a number a fascinating problems some of which we hope to resolve in this project. Our second goal is to prove several conjectures by de la Harpe about the isometry group of Hilbert geometries. In a recent work we found a completely novel approach to these twenty-year old conjectures, which combines ideas from nonlinear Perron-Frobenius theory with new concepts in metric geometry such as the Busemann points in the horofunction boundary and the detour metric. There appears to be an intriguing connection between the solution of de la Harpe's conjectures and the theory of symmetric cones, which we hope to unravel.

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Name: From hyperbolic geometry to nonlinear Perron-Frobenius theory - EP/J008508/1

Start Date: 2012-09-01T00:00:00+00:00

End Date: 2013-10-31T00:00:00+00:00

Organization: University of Kent

Description: The classical Perron-Frobenius theory concerns the spectral properties of nonnegative matrices, and is considered one of the most beautiful topics in matrix analysis with important applications in probability theory, dynamical systems theory, and discrete ...