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EP/J000396/1 - Transparent organic electronics based on graphene

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Professor WL Barnes EP/J000396/1 - Transparent organic electronics based on graphene

Principal Investigator - Physics, University of Exeter

Other Investigators

Dr M F Craciun, Co InvestigatorDr M F Craciun

Dr S Russo, Co InvestigatorDr S Russo

Scheme

Standard - NR1

Research Areas

Optoelectronic Devices and Circuits Optoelectronic Devices and Circuits

Graphene and Carbon Nanotechnology Graphene and Carbon Nanotechnology

Collaborators

University of Tokyo University of Tokyo

University of Southampton University of Southampton

University of Bath University of Bath

University College London University College London

Tohoku University (Japan) Tohoku University (Japan)

The University of Manchester The University of Manchester

Start Date

10/2011

End Date

09/2014

Value

£90,544

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Grant Description

Summary and Description of the grant

Transparent organic electronic and optoelectronic devices are nowadays emerging technologies for future applications, for example in smart windows and in photovoltaic cells. The attributes of organic materials include large and ultrafast nonlinear optical responses and large colour tuneability. However, the electrical conductivity of organic materials is usually poor and this limits their utility. Here we propose to pursue a new type of organic material for such applications, a material that has a high electrical conductivity and thus has the potential to revolutionise the field: the material is graphene. This is a sheet of carbon just one atom thick, with spectacular strength, flexibility, transparency, and electrical conductivity. The proposed project is directed specifically at tuning the electronic properties of graphene in order to allow the potential of this material to be exploited in transparent electronic and optoelectronic devices. The outputs of the project, the development of graphene-based transparent devices, will be fundamental to the commercial and the economic development of transparent electronics.
So far, chemical functionalization of graphene with different molecular species revealed that each molecular specie can be used to accumulate electrons or holes in graphene ( that is n- or p-type doping of graphene). This suggests the possibility that different doping of adjacent graphene areas can be used to engineer electron/hole interfaces also known as p-n junctions, which are the core of large part of nowadays electronic devices. Other chemical species such as hydrogen and fluorine atoms attached to graphene can modify its band structure by opening a band gap in the otherwise zero-gap semimetallic material, providing the opportunity to use graphene as a truly organic semiconductor. The potential afforded by the chemical functionalization of graphene materials is still in its infancy, and it holds great promise for future integrated optoelectronics.
The tremendous advantages of integrating devices on the same chip in electronics naturally suggest that the same be done with electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, integration of optoelectronic devices has proven to be a difficult challenge because of inherent incompatibilities. For example, a light-emitting diode based on a p-n structure has a structure quite different from the structure of any transistor. The exploitation of graphene will allow this incompatibility to be transcended. Intelligent schemes of functionalization of graphene hold the promise to accomplish the patterning of transparent standard resistors, capacitors and transistor structures integrated with light-emitting and detecting devices which constitutes a fundamental step towards applications such as smart windows. This pioneering research is at the core of this proposal.

Structured Data / Microdata


Grant Event Details:
Name: Transparent organic electronics based on graphene - EP/J000396/1
Start Date: 2011-10-01T00:00:00+00:00
End Date: 2014-09-30T00:00:00+00:00

Organization: University of Exeter

Description: Transparent organic electronic and optoelectronic devices are nowadays emerging technologies for future applications, for example in smart windows and in photovoltaic cells. The attributes of organic materials include large and ultrafast nonlinear optical ...