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EP/I003320/1 - The Development of Advanced Technologies and Modelling Capabilities to Improve the Safety and Performance of Nuclear Fuel

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Professor TJ Abram EP/I003320/1 - The Development of Advanced Technologies and Modelling Capabilities to Improve the Safety and Performance of Nuclear Fuel

Principal Investigator - Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Eng, The University of Manchester

Other Investigators

Professor RW Grimes, Co InvestigatorProfessor RW Grimes

Professor WE Lee, Co InvestigatorProfessor WE Lee

Dr MR Wenman, Co InvestigatorDr MR Wenman

Professor P Xiao, Co InvestigatorProfessor P Xiao

Scheme

Standard Research

Research Areas

Nuclear Fission Nuclear Fission

Start Date

01/2011

End Date

07/2014

Value

£1,164,276

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Grant Description

Summary and Description of the grant

The main factors that limit the performance of nuclear fuels are related to cladding failure due to interactions with the fuel pellet and reactor coolant. Improvements to our understanding of the cladding failure mechanisms will enhance our ability to predict their effects, leading both to improvements in the safety and operation of current fuels, and to technological developments that will produce improved fuel, cladding, and coating materials. The research tasks below seek to address each of these issues in turn, from the perspective of both current and advanced fuel designs.Aomistic modelling research will focus on the input that atomic scale simulations make in describing the behaviour of micro-structural defects. This will refine our understanding of the fundamental physical processes that degrade fuel performance, and will result in improvements to current semi-empirical fuel performance models. The simulations will focus upon the interaction of fission products, radiation damage and dislocations, processes responsible for macroscopic observables such as fission gas release and irradiation induced creep.Fuel and cladding dimensional changes resulting from thermo-mechanical and irradiation conditions produce complex pellet-clad mechanical interactions (PCMI) that are known to cause fuel failure, especially under accident conditions. Models for PCMI failure based on ramp-test data have been developed, but these are highly empirical and therefore of limited applicability. However, advances in finite element (FE) modelling now permit the development of detailed models, and techniques such as the extended FE method can be applied to model crack growth and crack tip stresses and strains accurately whilst taking into account residual and applied stress redistribution. This research will investigate the development of pellet crack patterns and pellet-clad interface stresses under both normal and off-normal conditions. Mechanistic models for pellet failure and cladding damage will be developed.Research into composite cladding will investigate the potential for silicon carbide composites to provide significantly better performance compared with existing cladding materials. A new approach will be investigated, based on a solid SiC inner tube wrapped with SiC fibers and bonded using SiC vapour infiltration. The research will address fundamental aspects of this new concept, including: characterisation of the relationship between both design and manufacturing parameters and mechanical strength; ability of the tube to remain impermeable against fission products; and resistance to oxidation and fission product attack at high temperatures. Although UO2 has been used for many years as a fuel material, promising new materials have ben developed that could offer advantages in terms of safety and performance. The objective of this research is to identify alternative fuel materials and fuel forms; to evaluate their physical properties such as thermal conductivity; assess their reactivity with water using autoclave testing; and to assess industrially-feasible manufacturing routes. Candidate materials include alloys such as U3Si2, U-Mo, U-Zr and covalent compounds such as carbides and nitrides (in the latter case with additives to reduce the reaction rate in water). TRISO coated fuel particles manufactured by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) have demonstrated remarkable performance, but are known to be susceptible to attack by fission products such as Pa. This research will provide a fundamental understanding of these issues and will investigate alternative materials and processes to provide improved performance. The high temperature mechanical properties of coatings will be examined to understand the effects of manufacturing conditions. The mechanisms of fission product transport will be studied with a view to introducing materials and microstructural changes that will improve performance in this respect.

Structured Data / Microdata


Grant Event Details:
Name: The Development of Advanced Technologies and Modelling Capabilities to Improve the Safety and Performance of Nuclear Fuel - EP/I003320/1
Start Date: 2011-01-06T00:00:00+00:00
End Date: 2014-07-05T00:00:00+00:00

Organization: The University of Manchester

Description: The main factors that limit the performance of nuclear fuels are related to cladding failure due to interactions with the fuel pellet and reactor coolant. Improvements to our understanding of the cladding failure mechanisms will enhance our ability to pred ...