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EP/G030669/1 - Exploiting an Interrelationship between Axial and Planar Chirality in Natural Products Total Synthesis

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Professor DC Harrowven EP/G030669/1 - Exploiting an Interrelationship between Axial and Planar Chirality in Natural Products Total Synthesis

Principal Investigator - School of Chemistry, University of Southampton

Scheme

Standard Research

Research Areas

Chemical Biology and Biological Chemistry Chemical Biology and Biological Chemistry

Synthetic Supramolecular Chemistry Synthetic Supramolecular Chemistry

Start Date

06/2009

End Date

12/2012

Value

£292,015

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Grant Description

Summary and Description of the grant

In recent years Nature has revealed some intriguing molecular targets with extraordinary stereochemical features. Most prominent are the vancomycins and related cyclic peptides, where different stereoelements (atom centred, axial, planar and cyclo stereoisomerism) co-exist within a single molecule. To confuse matters further, the various stereoelements may or may not be interrelated, making it hard to apply standard nomenclature when describing such entities. We believe that in many cases planar chirality rather than axial chirality is the important determinant differentiating two diastereoisomers of a given natural product. Our plan is to demonstrate this by using a radical induced transannular ring contraction under kinetic control to prepare a planar chiral phenanthrene within a macrocyclic structure. This will exist as two distinct diastereoisomers at room temperature, each with different faces of the phenanthrene enumbered by the encircling macrocycle. A high energy barrier for isomerisation will ensure that planar chirality is preserved on conversion of the phenanthrene to a biaryl. The latter will automatically be create with the correct axial-chirality, as these two stereoelements are interrelated. To the best of our knowledge this tactic has never previously been exploited in the context of total synthesis.

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Grant Event Details:
Name: Exploiting an Interrelationship between Axial and Planar Chirality in Natural Products Total Synthesis - EP/G030669/1
Start Date: 2009-06-22T00:00:00+00:00
End Date: 2012-12-21T00:00:00+00:00

Organization: University of Southampton

Description: In recent years Nature has revealed some intriguing molecular targets with extraordinary stereochemical features. Most prominent are the vancomycins and related cyclic peptides, where different stereoelements (atom centred, axial, planar and cyclo stereoi ...